Vasectomy is a method of permanent birth control for men. It is an outpatient procedure typically performed under a local anesthetic and takes less than thirty minutes. At Burlington Urology, we perform the "No-Scalpel" technique, which minimizes pain and other complications.
Vasectomy interrupts the flow of sperm through the vas deferens without affecting ejaculation, orgasm, or erections. Sperm will still be present for a period of time following vasectomy, so it is imperative that patients continue to use alternative contraceptive methods until sterility is confirmed by a semen analysis, which is usually performed 2-4 months after the procedure.
Risks of the procedure are rare, but may include bleeding (<5%), skin infection (<5%), vasectomy failure (persistent sperm in ejaculate - 1%), chronic testicular ache (0.001%) and late vasectomy failure (return of sperm to the ejaculate - 0.0005%). No other method of birth control exceeds the effectiveness of vasectomy. Mild soreness and bruising are common and typically resolve in 1-2 weeks.
Vasectomy reversal may be performed when men desire fertility after previous vasectomy, although the procedure is not always effective and is not covered by OHIP.