Incontinence is common and affects both women and men. The most common types are urge incontinence, which occurs when a bladder contraction cannot be willfully prevented, and stress incontinence, which occurs when muscles of the pelvis are not strong enough to prevent leakage with increases of abdominal pressure (eg: cough, sneeze, exercise, etc.). Some patients may have elements of both urge and stress incontinence.
The Urology Resource Centre provides teaching and biofeedback so patients may learn the proper method of strengthening the pelvic floor to minimize leakage. More severe cases may require medications to relax the bladder or surgery to strengthen the pelvic floor.